About Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country, bordering South Sudan in the North, Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda and Tanzania in the South, and Kenya in the East. Lying astride the equator between latitudes 4deg.0′ North and 1deg.30′ South of the equator, and longitudes 30deg.0′ East and 35deg.0′ East of Greenwich, covering an area of 242,554 km2.

Topographically much of Uganda can be classified as a plateau, with numerous small hills and valleys and extensive savannah plains. The entire country lies above 900m above sea level generally sloping from South to North.

The country lies in a cradle of Mountains on its East Border with Kenya, Mount Elgon, and Mount. Moroto in the North East and the South-Western Rwenzori Ranges rising to altitudes over 5000m.Uganda is a well-watered country with close to 17% or 51,000 sq.km. Of its area dedicated to swamp or open water. Much of the country lies in the ‘Interlacustrine Region’ (Between the lakes) of Africa.

This region receives abundant rainfall, and is rich in tillable land, a major determining factor in settlement of the area. The vegetation in Uganda is extremely diverse a result of the different micro-climates of the country. Vegetation zones can be roughly classified according to the rainfall zones and are generally; Lake region, Northern Region, and the Highlands of the South-East. These are defined according to the climate of the particular areas.


The climate of Uganda cannot be categorized into any single climatic zone, although it has been generally categorized as a ‘Modified Tropical’ climate. Its central location on the East African Plateau is a major determining factor in the local climate. In reality Uganda has three sub-climatic zones differentiated mainly by altitude and rainfall.

Uganda’s equatorial climate is tempered by cooling breezes from the mountains. In general terms the lowland area and lake shores enjoy a warm climate, while it is cooler in the highlands. The rains are mainly between March to May and October to November.

Most of the country is a plateau more than 1,000 meters above sea level bounded on the east and west by mountain ranges more than 3,000 meters high. But nearly a fifth is swamps and open water, including the lakes Victoria, George, Edward, Kyoga, Albert and many more.

What to enjoy in Uganda


The contrast between the various people of Uganda reflects the variety of surroundings and is demonstrated in the multiplicity of cultures, traditions and norms. Uganda has various cultural institutions e.g Buganda with the Kabaka as the cultural head, Bunyoro(Omukama), Ankole(Omugabe), Bukonjo(Omumbere), Iteso( Emoromor), Busoga( Kyabazinga) etc. Also cultural sites are important to certain groups e.g Kasubi Tombs (burial grounds for Kabakas) and Naggalabi (where the Kingdom started) are particularly important to the Baganda. Some groups further practice cultural norms e.g the Bagisu and Sabiny practice circumcision.

The union of many people with their own traditional lands, customs, and ways of life has created Uganda. These varying cultures are kept alive by many colorful ceremonies marking specific historical events celebrating the seasons of the year, child births and the deaths of very old people. Spontaneous dancing and music are typical occurrences during such celebrations and also the way of life in Uganda. Visitors are often welcome to observe these ceremonies – although as a courtesy tourists should always ask permission before taking photographs. Visitors can remind themselves of Uganda’s rich cultural heritage by taking home a souvenir. In every village the people are skilled in creating colorful arts and crafts, both traditional and modern. Items include colorful mats in traditional patterns and drums from Buganda; baskets and ware from Toro; clay pots made near Entebbe (Kajjansi); mats and cushions made from bark cloth of “omutuba” tree; musical instruments from Teso; and wooden carving from Mbarara and Karamoja. Topi Trail Safaris is ready to take you to all these cultural sites.


Topi Trail Safaris organizes adventure safaris to various parts of Uganda. Wildlife Safaris are among the adventure tours that Topi Trail Safaris organize. During an adventure safari to one of the Parks and sites in Uganda, you will be able to see animals like mountain gorillas which can be tracked in Bwindi Impenetrable National Pack. Gorilla Tracking is a major tourist appeal especially in Bwindi. There are chimpanzees in the Kibale Forest National Park which offers the best tracking activity for these primates, Baboons, Colobus, Blue Red tail Monkeys, Mangabey, Bush Babies and Pottos. Topi Trail Safaris also organizes safaris to Kyambura Wildlife Reserve which is part of Queen Elizabeth National Park and supports Elephants, Buffaloes, Leopards, Hogs and others. Kibale forest national Park is one of the unique and stately forests in Uganda, it is a habitat of the impressive mammal like Bats, Elephants and others. But there is more adventure! Uganda has some amazing hiking trails in the Rwenzori Mountains. You could climb for days and see the peak covered in snow. We have the amazing Volcanoes which can be climbed and that will give you a few of Rwanda, Uganda and Congo…all in one moment. Uganda has Mount. Elgon, a national park that will take you to the amazing Sipi Falls. And again, you can climb for days. Camping equipment can be provided, and for a real hiker we have the mountains! We have horseback riding safaris; we let you explore the excitement of the river Nile by rafting. Quad riding and mountain biking are also possible. For the adventures tourist we have it all. Uganda is the destination for a great combination of Wildlife, culture, adventure, leisure and business.

Holiday/Honey moon

For more relaxing excursions and activities Uganda is well known for the Pearl of Africa. This means that you will find places within Uganda that will make you forget all worries. Places that are rare to see and absolutely breath taking. Places that make you want to stay there as long as it takes. You will find Beautiful lakes with clear water. Private Islands, accommodation in the middle of the river Nile, boat cruises by sunset and so much more. Come and experience Uganda for its beauty and to relax.

Sport fishing/fishing

Uganda is endowed with one third of fresh water bodies and this offers an opportunity for sport fishing on the lakes and rivers as well as encourages fishing as an economic activity. The two common methods of fishing include Net fishing and Basket fishing. These can be carried out in lakes like: Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga and along River Nile. The most common types of fish caught in these waters are Tilapia and Nile perch. The Nile perch, commonly weighs 60kg with a record catch of 100kg, it is abundant in Lake Victoria and in the River Nile. Other species in the river include tilapia and the ferocious fighter, the tiger fish, which is common in Lake Albert. Murchison Falls is another place for sport fishing. Lake Bunyonyi is famous for Cray fish.

Birding safaris in Uganda

Uganda is the richest country for birding in Africa with about 1000 bird species recorded. Places to be visited for birding include: Botanical Gardens, Kampala Sheraton Gardens, Golf Course grounds, Mabira Forest on the Kampala Jinja highway, the Lubiri, Kansanga and Nakivubo swamps. Among the parks are Lake Mburo with 315 birds recorded, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park 350 birds recorded, Mgahinga Gorilla Park 184 birds recorded, Queen Elizabeth National Park 600 birds recorded, Rwenzori Mountains National Park 177 birds recorded, Semuliki National Park 441 birds recorded, Kibale Forest National Park 375 birds recorded, Murchison Falls National Park 451 birds recorded, Kidepo Valley National Park 475 birds recorded. Topi Trail Safaris plans birding safaris in any part of Uganda where a visitor wishes to view birds at close range for example, on the Kazinga channel sanctuary which is 207km, 24km long partly within the Rwenzori National Park and its east-central boarder and part of the southern shores of Lake George. Some of the birds that can be seen in these places include: the Crowned Crane, the Horn bill stork, Maribou stork, Shoe Bill Stork, Flycatcher, Ross’s Turaco, Grey wood pecker king fisher, Fish Eagle, Long tailed Starling, Bee eater, Great White Cormorants, Knobtailed ducks, Jacana, Flamingoes on lake Katwe, other birds can be viewed on the Uganda Tourist Board web Site under the title birding. Bigodi wetland sanctuary situated around Magombe swamp has 138 species of birds that have been identified. One of the main birds found in the Sanctuary us the Great Turaco. This whole variety of bird species is for the Tourist to view and for the bird Researchers.

Wildlife safaris

Uganda’s a wild life viewing opportunity is totally unspoiled by over development and commercialization. The country realizes that, while its natural beauty can be turned into its economic advantage, great care must be taken to ensure this priceless asset is fully protected from exploitation. These are the most interesting features in Uganda to view and have attracted many people of the world. Wildlife safaris are arranged by Topi Trail Safaris in all the East African countries. Please read more about the parks to see where you would like to have your wildlife safari.

City Tours

The historical sites include the Kasubi Tombs which are the burial grounds for Buganda kings, here the Kabaka Mutesa1, Mutesa 2, Mwanga, and Daudi chwa are buried. The Amabere caves in Nyakasura area in Fort portal; Toro Palace and ceremonial place of the (Omukama king of Toro); Karambi Tombs, Kiwatule Recreational Centre is the resent establishment representing the cultural institutions of Uganda and the tribes’ architecture. Historical site of Lake George, Lake Edward and Katungulu site. Lake Edward channel where there are carbonate bones, of homosapient. Religious tolerance is important part of the present day Uganda. Christians, Moslems, Hindus are in harmony, free to practice their own religion. Most of our Temples and churches are in strategic places and convenient for celebrations/ prayers the historical religious Hills include Rubaga Hill, which was colonized by the French Catholics, Mengo Hill is the site for the palace of the kings of Buganda which was the Headquaters 0f the British church Missionary society and Kibuli Hill the Moslem centre. Historically Nakasero Hill and Kololo Hill provided administrative offices and diplomatic residential areas while Makerere was established as a centre for learning. The British colonial administration established a watch tower on Kampala Hill built by Lugard and the Uganda Museum where the cultural art facts are kept. After work, the citizens, noncitizens and the Tourist are most apparent in their enormous numbers enjoying themselves in restaurants, night clubs, pubs and health clubs to mention but a few.

Gorilla Tracking

The Gorilla’s are one among the most interesting features in Uganda to view and have attracted many people of the world. The primates, including the mountain gorillas which are found in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. About 320 gorillas, almost half of the world population have been recorded, tracking is the major activity here with 12 groups currently available in Bwindi for daily tracking.

Buhoma Region: northwestern part of the park, 3 Gorilla Groups in this area; Mubare (M-Group), Habinyanja (H-Group) and Rushegura (R-Group). Nkuringo Region: Southern part of the park, 1 Gorilla Group; Nkuringo (N-Group). Rushaga Region: Southeastern part of the park, 3 Gorilla Groups in this area; Shongi (SGroup), Mishaya (Mi-Group) and Kahunhye (K-Group). Ruhija Region: Eastern part of the park, 3 Gorilla Groups in this area; Bitukura (BGroup), Oruzooja (O-Group) and Kyaguriro (Ky-Group). Other primates include Chimpanzees in the Kibale Forest National Park, in Queen Elizabeth National Park and in Budongo Forest, Murchison Falls National Park. As well there are primates such as Baboons, Colobus, Blue Red tail Monkeys, Mangabey, Bush Babies and Pottos to name a few.

Nature walks

Creating the emphasis on eco-tourism and in response to increasing demand from tourists, Topi Trail Safaris has designed a safari to trail you in the protected areas such as the Rwenzori Mountains, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Reserve, Murchison Falls (Budongo forest), Kibale Forest, Kidepo Valley or Queen Elizabeth National Parks. Guided excursions are arranged by Topi Trail Safaristo these sites to see Chimpanzees, Gorillas and other primates. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has 4 fantastic hiking trails. On all these trails, you have the opportunities to see and learn about primates and other wildlife. The Nature walks are organized in all the forests of Uganda.

Sustainable Tourism

The Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), a wildlife conservation body took on the challenge to incorporate local people in the tourism industry in order for Uganda to achieve sustainable tourism. This included the involvement of local communities especially those in the parks. UWA and tourism stakeholders discovered that neglecting local people undermines the country’s success in tourism. For tourism to be sustainable, efforts should be made to ensure satisfaction for the tourist and minimum interference for the local communities and environment. Locals should be able to enjoy the benefits of Tourism if Uganda is to sustain tourism. Part of the revenue from tourism should stay in the host communities to improve their income. Topi Trail Safaris supports Sustainable tourism

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